Category Archives : Travel

Research in Turkey 2013 – Urandir

Urandir and reseach in Turkey

The sarcophagus of Mevlâna is located under the green dome (Kibab’ulaktab). It is covered with brocade, embroidered in gold with verses from the Koran. This, and all other covers, were a gift of sultan Abdul Hamid II in 1894. The actual burial chamber is located below it. Next to Mevlâna’s sarcophagus are several others, including the sarcophagi of his father Bahaeddin Veled and his son Sultan Veled. The wooden sarcophagus of Mevlâna dates from the 12th century now stands over the grave of his father. It is a masterpiece of Seljuk woodcarving. The silver lattice, separating the sarcophagi from the main section, was built by Ilyas in 1579.

The Ritual Hall (Semahane) was built under the reign of Süleyman the Magnificent at the same time as the adjoining small mosque. In this hall the dervishes used to perform the Sema, the ritual dance, on the rhythm of musical instruments such as, the kemence (a small violin with three strings), the keman (a larger violin), the halile (a small cymbal), the daire (a kind of tambourine), the kudüm (a drum), the rebab (a guitar) and the flute, played once by Mevlâna himself. All these instruments are on display in this room, together with an ancient Kirşehir praying rug (18th century), dervish clothes (Mevlâna’s included) and four crystal[citation needed] mosque lamps (16th century, Egyptian Mameluk period). In this room one can also see a rare Divan-i-Kebir (a collection of lyric poetry) from 1366 and two fine specimens of Masnavis (books of poems written by Mevlâna) from 1278 and 1371

The  gallery bellow was taked from Urandir Oliveira in 2013 during Zigurats Reaseach in Turkey.

Traveling to China and Asia

China is an amazing cultural treasure of the world situated in eastern Asia. Its natural wealth, five millennia of history, and an old continuous civilization,  place China as a great travel destination.

Numerous historical monuments scattered across the vast territory are vestiges of the ancient Chinese culture. These include: the Great Wall, the Forbidden City, X’ian’s Terracotta Army and Tiananmen Square. The vast land of this country also hosts various natural landscapes, such as the Three Gorges of the Yangtze River, the Silk Road, the Tibet or Hainan Island.

Distinct cities feature distinct panorama and cultural background in China. Beijing is the capital city and a beautiful cultural center. It is host of the Olympics this year.

Shanghai is largest city and the major business center with many commercial opportunities. Nanjing and Suzhou are historical places. Guangzhou is a modern prosperous city and Guilin is a paradise location. There are more than nine cities in China that should be visited.

In the world, China is the most populous country, over 1.3 billion population. China is also the third largest country in terms of area, it has an area of 9.6 million square kilometres. Economists think that China will be the most world economy powerful within 20 years. Because of its large population, rapidly growing economy, extensive research and development investments, China is often considered as an emerging superpower. Finally, China has more than 5,000 years of alive history. For these reasons, traveling to China is like traveling to another world.

The rapid Chinese’s growth has improved the tourist infrastructure. China has become one of the most visited countries in the World. Nearly 50 million tourists travel to China every year.

If you’re visiting Asia, don’t miss out of the wealth and traditions of China. The countries fascinating history jostles with the urban cities of Shanghai and Beijing to create the perfect culture clash to explore on a visit to China with plenty of cheap flights to choose from.


China travel Must Read guide


China is situated in eastern Asia, on the west coast of the Pacific Ocean. It has a total area of 9.6 million km². China’s territory stretches about 5,000 km from east to west, or a total of 60 degrees of longitude. From north to south, the distance is about 5,500 km, or about 50 degrees of latitude. China’s land boundary is 22,800 km long, including a coastline of 18,000 km. In China’s vast sea territory, there are 6,536 islands and island groups. Hainan Island has an area of 34,380 km².


China is the most populous country in the world. The census taken on April 11, 1989, showed the population of the Chinese mainland had exceeded 1.1 billion. In China’s 432 cities, the urban population totals over 300 million. Promotion of a birth control program among the people is a fundamental policy of the nation, and the “one-child per family” is encouraged.


Beijing is the capital of the People’s Republic of China. The nation is divided into 23 provinces, five autonomous regions and three municipalities directly under the central government (Beijing, Shanghai and Tianjin). There are altogether 2,800 counties (including cities and districts under the jurisdiction of a city).


China has long been a unified multi-national nation. There are 56 nationalities. Apart from the majority Han people, there are 55 minority nationalities, including the Mongolian, Tibetan, Uygur, Miao, Yi, Zhuang, Bouyei, Koran and Manchu Peoples. Article 4 of China’s Constitution stipulates: “All nationalities in the People’s Republic of China are equal. The state protects the lawful rights and interests of the minority nationalities and upholds and develops the relationship of equality, unity and mutual assistance among all of China’s nationalities.


The so-called three great religions of the world – Buddhism, Islam and Christianity – all find their adherents in China, though a great number of people are non-believers. Buddhism is the most prevalent religion, which originated in China, and has followers mainly among the Han nationality. The state protects the freedom of religious beliefs of its citizens.


China’s school enrollment at all levels amounts to over 180 million. The country’s 1,075 colleges and universities have a total enrollment of over 2 million students.


China has over 205,988 medical institutions with some 2.5 million beds and over 4.6 million medical personnel. Employees in government offices and state-run enterprises, members of the People’s Liberation Army and students of higher education institutions all enjoy free medical care. A cooperative medical system operates widely in rural areas.